- Approx. 9,000 inhabitants.
- Is in the Swiss canton of St. Gallen.
Small history overview:
Rorschach in the Swiss canton of St. Gallen has about 11,000 inhabitants today. The town lies in a bay at the southern end of the Upper Lake, at the foot of Rorschach Mountain. The town developed closely linked to the heydays of the monastery, St. Gallen. Its founding goes back to the Alemanni, in the 7th century. Rorschach was an important hub for trade routes to Italy. As early as the 10th century, the town was given market rights, the right to mint and issue coins and the right to levy customs.
In the 15th century, wheat trading was enabled by the expansion of the harbour complex. At the harbour, you'll also find a regional museum next to the lakeside promenade and the lake park. It informs visitors about the historical developments of the town. The high street, which runs parallel to the lake, features pretty houses and pretty decorated gables from the 18th century.
On a hillside above the town is the former Benedictine monastery from the 15th century. Rorschach is also the starting point of the popular Rorschach-Heiden train. The rack-and-pinion railway takes you to the holiday destinations of Heiden and Wienacht in only 25 minutes. This is a perfect place to start some extensive hiking.
Sights in Rorschach
The Kornhaus (Corn House):
This Baroque building, built in 1749, is in the middle of Rorschach harbour and is home to the town museum. The Corn House can't be missed, from neither lake nor land. It's Rorschach's landmark. Abbot Coelestin from St. Gallen commissioned the architect, Caspare Bagnato to build a new corn house in 1746. It was first used in 1749. Today, the Corn House accommodates the museum with wonderful exhibits from the town's history and the lake landscape.
On a hillside above the town is the former Benedictine monastery from the 15th century. It features a beautiful Late Gothic cloister.
Rorschach-Heiden mountain railway:
The rack-and-pinion railway takes you to the holiday destinations of Heiden and Wienacht in only 25 minutes.